Every home we build begins with home site excavation. The location of your home is staked on the lot or parcel and will be prepared for the foundation. We will either trench your footers for your slab with a trenching machine or use an excavator to dig your basement. In the case of a basement, once it is poured and backfilled, any slab portion of the home and the garage area will be trenched for footers.
Your new home slab or basement will consist of a poured concrete foundation system. In either case, inspections by local building authorities will be done to insure all work is completed according to local building codes.
Home on a slab: The concrete forms are set outlining the foot print of your home. The underground plumbing, HVAC, and electrical is then installed. A final prep step occurs before the slab is poured. The poured concrete is reinforced with steel mesh and rebar to add stability and strength.
Home on a basement: Basement wall forms are set on top of your foundation footers. The wall and footer is joined together with rows of steel rebar for structural strength. The walls are then poured. Once the concrete walls are set, the forms are removed and your basement walls are waterproofed on the exterior. The basement floor is then poured. The basement floor joist system is the next step. The space between the walls and the perimeter of the hole, the overcut, is then backfilled with stone and dirt to insure proper drainage. Once completed, your garage and front porch are trenched, prepped and poured. We now have a good foundation to build your home.
Your home really begins to take shape during the Framing Stage. You will see a great deal of progress over the next couple of weeks. Exterior and interior walls are built, joists and beams are set, and the subfloor is laid. Rafters are cut and installed followed by the roof sheathing, felt paper, and shingles. House wrap is applied to the exterior walls. The final steps in framing include the installation of windows, exterior doors, wood trim, and siding on the front, if applicable. We perform a Lancia Quality Framing Walk Through after framing is complete to ensure correct alignment, openings are sized correctly, and proper support of all framing is in place in your new home.
This stage is commonly referred to as the “rough mechanicals”. In this stage, the plumbing, HVAC, and electrical systems are “roughed in”. The “finish” mechanicals are performed towards the finish of the home.
This stage has a lot of activity as water and sewer lines, furnace and duct work, and electrical wires and outlet boxes are installed. In this stage you will meet with the electrician at your home to do an electrical walk through. He will explain where the standard lights, outlets, and switches are placed. At this stage you can add additional lighting, outlets, or ceiling fans to your home. You will also have a walk through for the placement of your cable and telephone connections. After the required inspections for the mechanicals are completed, the windows, doors, and outlets are insulated with spray foam and the exterior wall cavities are filled with insulation.
The drywall stage starts by hanging the drywall on the ceiling and then the walls. Insulation is then blown into the attic areas. The seams and joints of the drywall are taped and then covered with several layers of drywall mud to produce a smooth consistent finish. During cold weather conditions this step cannot begin until the home can be properly heated. Next, the ceilings receive a coat of Spanish Lace and the walls are sanded. On the outside of the home, the siding should be finished and the exterior stone/brick should begin to be installed by the masons.
This is probably the most exciting stage of the construction process. Many of the selections you made during your selections meetings come to life. We install the interior doors, trim and the stairway system. The trim, walls and ceilings are painted. Cabinets and counter tops are installed. Flooring is installed in this stage with hard surfaces installed first, followed by carpet.
This stage includes your final plumbing, electrical, and HVAC. Plumbers will be installing your sinks, faucets, water heater, shower heads and toilets. The electricians will install your switch plate and outlet covers, fans, and light fixtures. The HVAC team will install your air conditioner, register covers, and thermostat. Your appliance package is also installed in this stage. Your new home is nearing completion with only one stage remaining.
During the last couple of weeks, we will be putting the final touches on your home. We will do any paint and drywall touch-ups and will give your home a thorough cleaning. You will be contacted soon by our Service Manager to schedule your New Home Orientation walk through. Our closing agent, in conjunction with your lender, will coordinate your closing date where you will receive the keys to your new home and our gratitude for purchasing a Lancia Home.